The HARTLEY Surname Hall of Fame: Actress - Vivien LEIGH
Vivien LEIGH [1913-1967]
Actress, real name Vivian Mary HARTLEY born 5 November 1913, Darjeeling, India. Died 7 July 1967, London. [tuberculosis]
The early life of Vivien LEIGH
Vivien LEIGH was born 'Vivian Mary HARTLEY' on the evening
of Wednesday 5th November, 1913 in her parents home at Darjeeling, India.
Her father was Ernest Richard HARTLEY, born on the Isle of Islay, Argyll in Scotland on 19 February 1882, the last of seven children born to Joseph Nicholson HARTLEY and Elizabeth HOULGATE. Joseph was an Administrator in the Civil Service and had been born at Pontefract, Yorkshire on 18th June 1848 to Joseph HARTLEY Snr. and Mary POOLE who had married at Rothwell, Yorkshire on 30th May 1829. Joseph Nicholson Jnr. married Elizabeth at Pontefract on 9th June 1874 [see Annie HOULGATE m.John HARTLEY at York 1886]. Joseph Nicholson Jnr. died at Bridlington on 25th November 1929.
Further back on the family tree, Joseph Snr. appears to have been born at Rothwell on 13th June 1802 to Joseph HARTLEY and Mary THOMPSON [siblings: William , Samuel  and Anne ]. Joseph and Mary were married at Rothwell on 2nd May 1797. Back one generation, Joseph appears to have been born at Rothwell in October 1769 to Joseph HARTLEY and Sarah WARD [sibling: Abraham  [see below]. Joseph and Sarah were married at Rothwell on 25th April 1756.
Hartley's Glassworks and Wearglass Works in Sunderland  and Dumbarton Glass.
ongoing research by hartleyfamilyorguk into a link between the "Hartley Glass" family and Vivien LEIGH, the actress ...
John HARTLEY , along with his brother James N. HARTLEY , established Hartley's Glassworks and Wearglass Works in Sunderland in 1836/7; Chance and Sons Glassworks, Smethwick; partner with his brother-in-law Major Thorneycroft, J. P. in Messrs J. B. Thorneycroft & Co.'s large Ironworks and Collieries; Director of the L. & N.W. Railway; Deputy Lieutenant for Staffordshire. Elected Mayor of Wolverhampton 1858. Burial:1884, St Bartholemew Church, Tong, Shropshire.
James N.HARTLEY  was born 13th Mar 1811, baptized 29th Mar 1811 at Dumbarton, Scotland. He was sent to Paris for glass work in 1872. He died on 24 May 1886. James built Ashbrook Hall at Bishopwearmouth [architect Thomas Moore] in 1864.
HARTLEY  at Bramley, Yorkshire. He was likely a Glassmaker; m.Sarah
EDDISON 9th Nov 1729 in Leeds Yorkshire. Children: Margaret HARTLEY  at
Bramley; Sarah HARTLEY; Sarah HARTLEY; Mary HARTLEY; Joseph HARTLEY 
at Hunslet, Yorkshire; Margaret HARTLEY; Eleanor HARTLEY; Ruth HARTLEY;
Elizabeth HARTLEY; James HARTLEY; Elizabeth HARTLEY; William HARTLEY 
at Allerton; Benjamin HARTLEY  at Allerton.
Joseph HARTLEY  baptized 27th Feb 1735 at Hunslet Yorkshire. He died 13th Sep 1794 at Dumbarton, Scotland. Joseph m. Elizabeth SKINNER. Children: Joseph HARTLEY  at Hunslet, Yorkshire; Abraham HARTLEY  at Hunslet; John HARTLEY  at Hunslet; Benjamin HARTLEY  at Dumbarton.
Joseph HARTLEY  baptized 19th May 1771 at Hunslet, Yorkshire. m.Martha SIMPSON 21st Apr 1815 at Dumbarton, Scotland. [[The family of Hartleys as a whole seemed to travel between Sunderland and Dumbarton in Scotland, both areas highly active in the Glassmaking industry]]. Children: Ann HARTLEY; Mary HARTLEY; Margaretta Simpson HARTLEY; Abraham HARTLEY  at Melbury, Somerset; Joseph HARTLEY  Nailsea, Somerset. They lived at Nailsea Somerset in 1821, Birmingham in 1830, St Helens, Lancashire in 1834. In 1851 Joseph was a Crown Glass Maker in Sunderland, Durham [where they lived 1851]. Hartleys Glass Works was established in Sunderland in 1836/7 and James N. Hartley [Josephs nephew] was granted a patent for a new process of casting rolled glass which was used and shipped worldwide. [[tableware from Wearglass Works is highly collectable. Though the Glassworks closed in 1894, the tradition of glassmaking in Sunderland continued with a new partnership of James Hartley [grandson of James N. Hartley] and Alfred Wood from Birmingham teaming up to form Portobello Lane Works]].
John HARTLEY  m.Margaret Laing STEPHENSON [nee KAYLL] 21st Apr 1802 at St Peter Church, Monkwearmouth, Durham. Children: Martha HARTLEY; Jane Langridge HARTLEY; Maria Booth HARTLEY; Mary Ann HARTLEY; James HARTLEY; John HARTLEY [see below]; Louisa HARTLEY. He died on 5 Aug 1833 in Birmingham. He was a Glassmaker probably for Dixon's in Dumbarton, Yorkshire, Nailsea, Somerset & Birmingham. He was one of the country's foremost authorities in the production of Crown Glass .
B THORNEYCROFT b.1821. He lived in Hadley Park, Shropshire and owned theShrubbery
Ironworks, Horsely Fields, Wolverhampton; d.1851. Children: Emma THORNEYCROFT
Emma THORNEYCROFT b.1821 at Hadley Park, Shropshire, d.1909 at Tong, Shropshire. She married John HARTLEY  20th Aug 1859. Children: Rosa Mary HARTLEY; Eleanor Jane HARTLEY; George THOMPSON HARTLEY  [see below]; Alice HARTLEY ; Rev Canon John Thorneycroft HARTLEY  [see:John Thorneycroft HARTLEY [1849-1935] English Wimbledon Tennis Champion under Hartley Hall of Fame: Sports]; Charles Albert HARTLEY ; Constance HARTLEY. John HARTLEY  b.Dumbarton Scotland who lived [and died 1884] at Tong Castle, Shropshire. Along with one of his brothers James N. Hartley, established Hartley's Glassworks and Wearglass Works in Sunderland in 1836/7, the first making glass windows and Wearglass Works making table ware. At the time Hartleys Glass Works was the more successful of the two business's and James N. Hartley was granted a patent for a new process of casting rolled glass which was used and shipped worldwide.
George Thompson HARTLEY was born 1844, lived at Kilsll Hall then lived [and died July 20, 1917] in Wheaton Aston Hall, Staffordshire. He married Louisa STONE 1871, daughter of John SPENCER STONE. She died 1892 in Wheaton Aston, Staffordshire. George opened the "Hartley Arms" at Wheaton Aston. Burial: 1917, Lapley, Staffs. Children: Ernald George Justinian HARTLEY was born Abt. 1873. He married Mary Frances WEDGWOOD. Last known address Frilford House, Abingdon, Berkshire. Children: Geoffrey Ernald Wedgwood HARTLEY; Mable HARTLEY. Miss H. HARTLEY, m. Gordon-WATSON.
As a child, Ernest loved Rudyard Kipling books about India. Inspired, he moved to Calcutta, India at the age of 22 in search of a career, fortune and adventure. He became involved with a brokerage firm, Piggot Chapman and Co., spent time racing horses, playing cricket and polo, and acted in The Calcutta Dramatic Society.
Gertrude Mary Frances YACKJEE [pictured here with a young Vivian], was born
in Darjeeling India, on 5th December 1888, the daughter of Michael John YACKJEE
and Mary I [Teresa?] ROBINSON [m.1872] [siblings: Mary Patricia , Francis
Stanislaus  and Alice Mary . Friends of the Hartleys said that Gertrude,
with her dark hair, sparkling blue eyes, and peach-like skin [looks Vivian would
inherit], was very beautiful in her youth, more so than Vivian. The YACKJEE
side of the family is said to have had Armenian ancestors, which may have genetically
influenced Vivian's dark Eastern looks [Armenia is east of the Black Sea, north
of Iran] but there are also claims the name is Indian or Afghan. There is a
Dah Yakchee Khana in Afghanistan, also a Yak Chee in Malaysia. The surname could
also be Scottish [see Joseph M [1912; New York, below]
Several other members of the YACKJEE - YAKJEE - YACKJE - YAKCHEE family lived at Calcutta, including:
Joseph P. [m.Elizabeth] and their son James [b.1883] and daughter Mary Elizabeth [b.1879];
Edwin George or Peter John [m.Rosamond] and their son Ernest Raymond [b.1882] [this person is thought to have actually been Pascal John, below]
Pascal John [b.July 1855] [m.Constance Rosamund RANDOLPH in 1872] and their son Ernest Raymond  who married Bessie ARGYLL, their daughter Beatrice Maud [b.1872], and daughter Mary Randolph [b.1885] who married Clarence Halford MACKRODT.
Michael may have married twice; there was a Lilian May born to Michael
and Mary Susan in 1876.
Joseph M YACKJEE [NB: there was a Joseph YACKJEE at 300 East Seventyfourth Street, New York in 1902] b.1877 at Bedford, England, was aboard the 'Majestic' on his way back to New York in August 1912. He had probably attended Vivian's parents' wedding in April [see below]. He may be the father of Emily M E YAKCHEE [YACKJEE] who married Cyril J STUBBLEFIELD at Kensington in June 1932. He is probably also the father of Walter W YACKJEE born New York on 2nd October 1902. Joseph called himself 'Scottish'.
Gertrude is also thought to be from Irish Catholic descent [through Mary I [Teresa?] ROBINSON] and her parents are thought to the Vivian's grandparents mentioned at Waterville Co.Kerry, Ireland [see September 1920 below].
Meeting originally in Calcutta, Vivian's parents travelled to London where they were married at Kensington Catholic Church on 9th April 1912. They then returned to India and settled in Darjeeling, a city within site of Mount Everest.
A year after their marriage, Vivian Mary HARTLEY was born, 5th November
1913, 'a most enchanting little girl with wonderful colouring' [Vivian was one
of Ernest's family names]. Enjoying elements of fantasy and drama as a child,
she was encouraged to read early on and became fond of authors such as Rudyard
Kipling, Hans Christian Anderson, and Lewis Carroll, as well as ancient Greek
mythology, which she learnt by heart. She and her family lived at Alipore, Calcutta.
After Ernest joined the Indian Cavalry, the family moved to Mussoorie, Darjeeling,
later Ootacamund, Bangalore. Vivian debuted on stage at the age of three as
the shepherdess in 'Little Bo Peep'.
Vivian moved to England with her family at the age of 6 in 1920, only ever to return to India once, briefly in 1964. Her parents had been having marital troubles for some time in India.
In September 1920, Vivian visited her grandparents at Waterville, Co.Kerry Ireland. Later on 21st September she was placed in the Convent of the Sacred Heart at Roehampton, and did not see her mother again for almost a year and a half, her father much longer than that. She was educated at the Convent for the subsequent 8 years, and 'from early on she showed poised, self -containment, and the ability to sustain a private existence.' She was able to keep a pet kitten with her at the Convent, adopted from her Irish grandmother. There she met Maureen O'Sullivan, later to become a famous Hollywood actress.
Her first stage appearances at school were in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream [playing the fairy Mustardseed], and in The Tempest [as Miranda]. Her favourite actor was far from being a serious actor; he was the comedy actor, George Robey. She studied ballet, played the cello in the school orchestra, and excelled at piano - taking her music exam at the Royal Academy of Music when she was a teenager. Vivian was also fascinated early on in different languages, Egyptian history, and learned to speak French fluently.
Vivian was so tiny and delicately made, with wonderful large blue eyes and chestnut wavy hair nearly to her waist, the tiny retrousse nose, the only complexion ever seen that really was like a peach.
In 1926, her parents visited from India and shared a holiday with
her in Ireland. She enjoyed the trout fishing and walking. Her father was later
to move back to Europe after the Wall Street Crash, in 1929
Vivian stayed briefly at a sister convent of the Sacred Heart in San Remo, the capital of the Italian Riviera, during 1928-29. At the age of 15, she went to Paris to spend a term at a finishing school in Auteuil. She was the youngest student in the school, however she was already moving from the awkward youth phase into a charming, dark haired beauty that would later bring much fame. The purpose of the finishing school in France was 'to teach French - language and literature - and to send the girls out into the world with a good marriage set firmly in their sights. At Christmas of that year, 1929, Vivian was chosen to be the heroine of the school play. Encouraged by her schoolmistress, she was inspired to work on her diction and acting abilities. This early help pushed her further towards an interest in a career on stage. Her final two years of education were at yet another finishing school, this time in the Bavarian Alps, which concluded her schooling in June of 1931 - halfway towards her 17th birthday. During this time, she developed an interest in the visual arts and continued to study languages - notably French and German.
In January of 1932 Vivian met the very handsome Herbert Leigh HOLMAN whilst staying at her aunt's in Teignmouth, England. He was a man 13 years her senior, but possessed an English charm and intelligence that Vivian found captivating. He resembled Leslie Howard, one of Vivian's favourite actors. Born in 1900, Leigh was educated at Harrow and Jesus College, Cambridge and, like his father, practiced as a Barrister-at-Law. An attachment quickly developed between the two and they spent several months courting and corresponding. In May of 1932, Vivian began to study at RADA, The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. Life was looking up - she was about to marry a man she greatly admired, and she was studying acting in a well know academy. Much to her dismay, Vivian abandoned the academy, at Leigh's request, once they became serious about marriage.
The wedding between Leigh and Vivian took place on December 20th 1932, at St. James Catholic Cathedral. Shortly after they returned from their honeymoon in Austria, Vivian obtained Leigh's permission to return to RADA and she continued to study acting. A year passed and Vivian gave birth to a daughter on October 10th 1933, naming her Suzanne. At this point, things seemed to have settled into domestic life for Vivian. Her destiny would not remain domestic for long however, she had just heard of the chance for a small part in a new film entitled Things are Looking Up… [Copyright]
1935 LOOK UP AND LAUGH
1935 THINGS ARE LOOKING UP
1935 THE VILLAGE SQUIRE
1937 DARK JOURNEY
1937 FIRE OVER ENGLAND
1937 STORM IN A TEACUP
1938 21 DAYS TOGETHER
1938 SIDEWALKS OF LONDON
1938 A YANK AT OXFORD
1939 GONE WITH THE WIND
1940 WATERLOO BRIDGE
1941 THAT HAMILTON WOMAN
1946 CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA
1947 GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT
1948 ANNA KARENINA
1951 A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE
1955 THE DEEP BLUE SEA
1961 THE ROMAN SPRINGS OF MRS. STONE
1965 SHIP OF FOOLS
Biography writer Dale O'Connor firstname.lastname@example.org
If a film were made of the life of Vivien Leigh, it would open in India just
before World War I, where a successful British businessman could live like a
prince. In the mountains above Calcutta, a little princess is born. Because
of the outbreak of World War I, she is 6 years old the first time her parents
take her to England. Her mother thinks she should have a proper English upbringing
and insists on leaving her in a convent school- even though Vivien is two years
younger than any of the other girls at the school. The only comfort for the
lonely child is a cat that was in the courtyard of the school that the nuns
let her take up to her dormitory. Her first and best friend at the school is
an 8-year-old girl, 'Maureen O'Sullivan' who has been transplanted from Ireland.
In the bleakness of a convent school, the two girls can recreate in their imaginations
the places they have left and places where they would some day like to travel.
After Vivien has been at the school for 18 months, her mother comes again from
India and takes her to a play in London. In the next six months, Vivien will
insist in seeing the same play 16 times. In India, the British community entertained
themselves at amateur theatricals and Vivien's father was a leading man. Pupils
at the English convent school are eager to perform in school plays. It's an
all girls school so some of the girls have to play the male roles. The male
roles are so much more adventurous. Vivien's favorite actor is Leslie Howard
and when she is 19 she marries an English barrister who looks very much like
him. The year is 1932. Vivien's best friend from that convent school has gone
to California where she is making movies. Vivien has an opportunity to play
a small role in an English film, "Things Are Looking Up" (1935). She has only
one line but the camera keeps returning to her face. The London stage is more
exciting than the movies being filmed in England and the most thrilling actor
on that stage is Laurence Olivier. At a party, Vivien finds out about a stage
role, "The Green Sash", where the only requirement is that the leading lady
be beautiful. The play has a very brief run, but now she is a real actress.
An English film is going to be made about Elizabeth I. Laurence gets the role
of a young favorite of the queen who is sent to Spain. Vivien gets a much smaller
role as a lady-in-waiting of the queen who is in love with Laurence's character.
In real life, both fall in love while making the film, "Fire Over England",
that is shown in British and American movie theaters in 1937. In 1938, Hollywood
wants Laurence to play Heathcliff in "Wuthering Heights". Vivien, who has just
recently read "Gone With The Wind", thinks that the role of Scarlett O'Hara
is the first role for an actress that would be really exciting to bring to the
screen. She sails to America for a brief vacation. In New York, she gets on
a plane for the first time to rush to California to see Laurence. They have
dinner with Myron Selznick the night that his brother David Selznick is burning
Atlanta on a backlot of MGM. Actually they are burning old sets that go back
to the early days of silent films to make room to recreate an Atlanta of the
1860s. Vivien is 26 when "Gone With The Wind" makes a sweep of the Oscars in
1939. So let's show 26-year-old Vivien walking up to the stage to accept her
Oscar and then as the Oscar is presented the camera focuses on Vivien's face
and through the 1990s magic of altering images the 26-year-old face merges into
the face of Vivien at age 38 getting her second Best Actress Oscar for portraying
Blanche DuBois in "A Streetcar Named Desire". She wouldn't have returned to
America to make that film had not Laurence been going over there to do a film
based on Theodore Dreiser's novel "Sister Carrie". The film was called "Carrie".
Laurence tells their friends that his motive for going to Hollywood to make
films is to get enough money to produce his own plays for the London stage.
He even has his own theater there, the St. James. Now Sir Laurence, with a seat
in the British House of Lords, is accompanied by Vivien the day the lords are
debating about whether the St James should be torn down. Breaking protocol,
Vivien speaks up and is escorted from the House of Lords. The publicity helps
raise the funds to save the St. James. Throughout their two-decade marriage
Laurence and Vivien were acting together on the stage in London and New York.
Vivien was no longer Lady Olivier when she performed her last major film role,
"The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone" (1962)
Spouse Laurence Olivier (1940 - 1960) (divorced) 'Hubert Leigh Holman' (1932 - 1940) (divorced) (barrister) Trivia (October 1997) Ranked #48 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. Suffered from manic depression Had one daughter with Leigh Holman. Lived with John Merivale from 1959 to her death in 1967. Biography (print) Vivien Leigh: A Biography, Anne Edwards, R00338 02407 Vivien Leigh: A Biography, Hugo Vickers, R00699 92117 Personal quotes "It's much easier to make people cry than to make them laugh." Talking to critics about her reviews for "The Mask of Virtue" (1935), her second play on the London stage: "Some critics saw fit to say that I was a great actress. I thought that was a foolish, wicket thing to say because it put such an onus and such a responsibility onto me, which I simply wasn't able to carry." "People who are very beautiful make their own laws." Portrayed in Gable and Lombard (1976) Salary Gone with the Wind (1939) $25,000 (USA) Article "Empire" (UK), October 1997, Iss. 100, pg. 196, by: Ian Freer and Jake Hamilton, "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time "Copyright © 1990-1998 The Internet Movie Database Ltd The Internet Movie Database
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